ARRAN Sense of Scotland Ltd, share our customers, and indeed the public’s, concern over ingredients used in cosmetic and toiletry products. ARRAN Sense of Scotland policy is to ensure that all ingredients used in our products are of the highest quality, and are safe for their intended purpose. To ensure that we continue to meet this policy objective, all of the ingredients we use are subject to a regular review of their usage.
All our formulations are free from animal ingredients with the exception of bee products (honey, beeswax etc.) and are suitable for use by vegetarians.
None of our formulations have been tested on animals.
We endeavour to use natural or naturally derived ingredients where possible without compromising safety and effectiveness of the product.
Where required to maintain product safety and integrity, low levels of preservatives are used. These are kept to a minimum and are well below the maximum legislative limits set.
All products currently manufactured are paraben free.
We continually appraise the marketplace for safe, high quality, innovative and functional, ingredients for inclusion in our new formulations.
Limonene in Home fragrance products
ARRAN Sense of Scotland is aware of a recent consumer-targeted BBC programme and subsequent newspaper articles linking the use of scented household products with safety concerns. The programme suggests that scented household cleaning products and candles create undue levels of formaldehyde as a result of the emission of limonene reacting with ozone in the air. The presence of Ozone in the air is a limiting factor for this reaction, due to its extreme reactivity and data was not provided on the levels present during this study.
Everything you smell, pleasant or otherwise, results from the release of ‘volatile’ substances that evaporate into the air so your nose can sense them. Limonene is one of the volatile substances found in citrus fruits and is responsible for its aroma. Like anything else, volatile substances can be harmful given a high enough dose, whether they come from natural or “man- made” sources. If you look at the individual substances that are released into the air when you bring flowers into the house or squeeze an orange, you’ll find some of those substances are both irritant and toxic when present at high enough levels.
Fragranced products, fragrances and their ingredients are subject to a great many regulations that are put in place to ensure public safety.
Recently (2014), an EU research project (EPHECT) reviewed the levels of substances found in indoor air following worst case scenario usage of a number of household consumer products. This study included the assessment of limonene and formaldehyde and reported that none of the levels of these two substances exceeded the safe exposure limits set by the world health organisation (WHO).
The BBC programme reported that the highest formaldehyde level found in the household air was below 60ppb, which is comfortably below the safe levels issued by the WHO set at 80ppb for continuous exposure.
Compared to the information presented in the programme, the EU research offers an increased test exposure regime and test panel, thus providing far greater comprehensive information to base our judgement upon.
In conclusion, we will continue to monitor current research to ensure that we are guided by the most up to date information and respond accordingly with our product offerings in the home fragrance category to ensure product safety.
The use of methylisothiazolinone in cosmetic products
ARRAN Sense of Scotland is aware of a number of consumer-targeted articles linking the use of the anti-microbial preservative, methylisothiazolinone in cosmetic and household products to contact skin allergies.
Preservatives including methylisothiazolinone are regulated under the Cosmetics Regulation (EC) 1223/2009 Annex V. Continued approval for use in cosmetics and the maximum level of incorporation is based on the volume of evidence of safe use in products over many years, and on informed independent scientific research.
The majority of adverse skin reactions reported relate to the use of methylisothiazolinone in leave on products (cream, lotions etc.) where it is the only preservative present, resulting in a higher level of incorporation (up to 100 part per million) to provide the required anti-microbial effect.
ARRAN Sense of Scotland utilise a combination preservative system that provides excellent microbial control at greatly reduced levels of incorporation of methylisothiazolinone (3 parts per million), significantly below the maximum legislative limit prescribed. In addition, this system is only used in wash-off products (bath & shower etc), the combination of which results in limited exposure and vastly reduced potential for a skin reaction.
All our products have been assessed as safe for use by an independent safety assessor who takes into consideration the ingredients in the product, how and where the product is to be used, how often and by whom before providing approval.
We have a large number of products on the market that utilise this preservative system and have received no notification of any adverse skin reactions as a result of allergic responses to methylisothiazolinone.
In conclusion, as the utilisation of preservatives is essential to the safety of our customers, we are committed to utilising the most effective preservatives available. At present we have no evidence to suggest that our preservative system is unsafe however, we will continue to monitor the situation and respond accordingly.
The use of palm oil in cosmetic products
ARRAN Sense of Scotland Ltd share the public concerns over the supply of Palm oil and its impact on loss of habitats.
We confirm that the palm oil we purchase for our liquid products is derived from a RSPO (round table on sustainable palm oil) approved sustainable supply.
Traditional opaque vegetable soaps
The Palm Oil used in our traditional vegetable derived opaque soaps is currently derived from a certified sustainable source.
The Palm Oil used in our translucent soaps is currently derived from sources that may contain a mix of sustainable and non-sustainable sourced palm oils. However, we are working with our suppliers, who are members of the Round Table on Sustainable Palm Oil, in order to secure a continuous supply of sustainable palm oil that meets our future requirements.
Use of plastic microbeads in cosmetic products
ARRAN Sense of Scotland is aware of customer concern over the use of polyethylene or alternative plastic microbeads, used as scrub agents in personal care products and their adverse impact on our marine environment and marine wildlife.
Therefore ARRAN Sense of Scotland would like to advise our customers that we do not use plastic microbeads as scrub agents in any of our products.
Currently we use natural based scrub agents as listed;
Loofah in our facial scrub
A natural exfoliant from ground Loofah, a member of the tropical vine of the cucumber family. The fruit is allowed to fully ripen and dry on the vine prior to harvest and grinding.
Oatmeal, bran and wheat grain in our vegetable soaps
Grain or husk of grains used as gentle scrub agents
Pumice in our foot scrub bar
Pumice is a volcanic rock that is ground to a particular size of particle for use as a scrub agent
Sea salt in our salt and oil scrub
Sea salt crystals from the evaporation of sea water.
A variety of natural based scrub agents have been utilised in the past and may be utilised again in the future.
Fruit Peel – Lemon, grapefruit, orange Ground Nut shell – Walnut, Almond Seeds – Strawberry, Kiwi, Raspberry Hydrogenated Jojoba beads
The use of sodium laureth sulfate (SLES) and sodium lauryl saulfate (SLS) in cosmetic products
Sodium Laureth Sulfate and Sodium Lauryl Sulfate are anionic surfactants that exert an emulsifying action removing oil and soil from the hair and skin, and are recognised for their superior foaming characteristics and detergency. Sodium Laureth Sulfate is recognised as being the milder of the two ingredients and is used by ARRAN Sense of Scotland as the primary detergent in Bath Products such as Shampoo, Shower Gel and Foam Bath.
At ARRAN Sense of Scotland we are aware that press and internet articles have questioned the safety profile of Sodium Laureth Sulfate and SLS when used as a primary ingredient in rinse-off cosmetic products. Some of these articles have gone as far as claiming that these products may be carcinogenic.
In response, the American Cancer Society has reported affirmatively that SLS “does not cause cancer” whilst the International Agency for Research on Cancer rates the ingredients as non-carcinogenic.
Sodium Laureth Sulfate is a widely used ingredient in the cosmetics industry and its safety of use is fully assessed by the Cosmetics Ingredient Review (CIR), an advisory panel to the Cosmetics, Toiletries and Fragrance Association (CTFA). It’s continual approval for use in cosmetics is based upon the volume of safety information available on this ingredient. The CTFA’s response concluded, “On the basis of available information.Sodium Laureth Sulfate is safe as presently used in cosmetics products.”
It is recognised that Sodium Laureth Sulfate can be mildly irritating to the skin and eyes in high concentrations, however it is safe when used in cosmetic products where it only comes into brief contact with the skin and is diluted.
We have taken into account information from the scientific and medical community as well as external experts. Furthermore all of our products, prior to being sold, are subject to external assessments on their safety to human health. Based on our review and of the opinions received we continue to believe that Sodium Laureth Sulfate is a safe and effective ingredient as currently used in our products.